Psoriasis, is a disorder of the skin caused by the malfunctioning of the immune system. This happens because for some reason there is a miscommunication among the systems and the immune system is told to make more cells. This overproduction of cells results in psoriasis. As of the moment, no one knows yet what is the definite cause of psoriasis. There are a lot of hypothesis, that are well-researced but not one is 100% absolute or definite. Psoriasis can occur on different parts of the body like the scalp or penis, and there are different types like guttate, erythrodermic and plaque psoriasis. Now, just as there are types of psoriasis, it also has levels of severity. I would like us to focus on the mild to severe level.
If you have seen a picture of somebody with psoriasis, you would realize just how disconcerting it is, and how serious it can be. It can affect only a portion of your body or all over, it depends on the severity. Severe psoriasis occurs when a mild condition which affects 20% of the body, refuses to cooperate with interventions and runs rampant. This kind of psoriasis usualy affects adults rather than kids.
Signs and Symptoms
- 20% of the body is affected by psoriasis
- Shedding of skin is obvious in most cases
- Others may acquire arthritis
Due to this disease, victims may suffer from fluid loss, heart failure because of erythroderma, which is potentially dangerous to your life, it may also complicate into pustular psoriasis which is potentially terminal too. But perhaps, the worst complication of this disease is the social stigma from others who do not understand the pain it inflicts upon sufferers.
One way to treat severe psoriasis is to undergo phototherapy. Phototherapy is a mixture of psoralens and utraviolet light. When they cooperate with each other, it helps decrease the worsening of the condition. However, UVA light which was the one used for phototherapy before is now being replaced with a gentler light which is UVB. This is because many are concerned with the possible permanent damage UVA can cause.
Another type of treatment is by combining ultraviolet treatment with medication like acetretin. Others also use methotrexate and cyclosporin. Hydroxyurea which counteracts the rapid reproduction of cells is also used.
Sometimes only one of those treatments is used other times, the treatments mentioned are applied alternately depending on which one produces more positive responses. For more in-depth information, it is best to see a physician.